Guidance: NHS Test and Trace statistics (England): methodology

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Department Of Health


DHSC publishes weekly statistics on coronavirus (COVID-19) contact tracing dating from when the NHS Test and Trace service started on 28 May 2020. These statistics cover:

  • number of people tested for coronavirus in England
  • number of people who tested positive for coronavirus in England
  • time taken for test results to become available in England
  • distance to take a test in-person in England
  • number of people testing positive for coronavirus in England that were then transferred to the contact-tracing system, and the time taken for them to be reached
  • number of recent close contacts identified, and the time taken for them to be reached

This document sets out information on the data sources and methodology are used to generate each of these measures. It will keep being updated with further detail.

Published 18 June 2020
Last updated 3 December 2020 +show all updates

  1. Updated to include information on the operational change regarding household contacts under 18.

  2. Updated methodology for how contacts under 18 are reached and add further details on the different types of swab tests.

  3. Updated to include information on lateral flow device tests.

  4. Updated with additional detail for how testing capacity is calculated.

  5. Updated to better reflect the terminology for reaching cases and contacts, and to provide more information on some pillar 4 studies.

  6. Updated to include new terminology for cases managed or not managed by local health protection teams (previous known as complex and non-complex cases).

  7. Updated with more information on the NHS Test and Trace app.

  8. Updated with details on the new methodology for people tested and people testing positive. Added details about the NHS COVID-19 app.

  9. Updated to reflect the new breakdown on cases and contacts reached by phone or online.

  10. Updated to include methodology for additional local authority data published for pillar 2 tests processed.

  11. Update to reflect new information published on the following: distance to take a test in-person within pillar 2, UK tests processed and testing capacity split by swab tests and antibody tests, demographic breakdowns for people newly tested and people newly testing positive.

  12. Updated to reflect the new breakdown between regional and local test sites.

  13. Updated how testing capacity is defined and calculated.

  14. Added information about how cases and contacts are matched to an upper-tier local authority.

  15. Updated to include more detail about coronavirus (COVID-19) testing in the UK.

  16. Updated to reflect that: median turnaround times are now reported, the median number of contacts per case is now included, the way in which recent close contacts are identified for complex cases has changed since the beginning of NHS Test and Trace, and the number of non-complex close contacts identified and the number who were reached and asked to self-isolate is also provided for each upper-tier local authority.

  17. Updated to reflect that daily testing statistics will no longer be updated on GOV.UK, clarifying who gets transferred to contact tracing and updating pillar 2 turnaround methodology.

  18. The methodology has been updated to include new information on th

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